The various meanings and colors of priest robes
Liturgical clothes, priest robes, or liturgical vestments refer to the clothing worn by priests of various ranks during religious ceremonies and festivals.
Priest Robes differ in many ways, most notably in color, depending on the time of year and the ceremonies or holidays in progress.
However, liturgical clothing is much more than simple, ornate garments or robes worn by ministers. The act of wearing them has a strong symbolic value for both the priest and those who recognize him as a representative of God on earth when they see him dressed in them.
This is why liturgical clothing must be distinct and distinguishable from any other type of garment worn by a priest outside of the festival. These garments, in particular, belong to a sacred domain, no less important than the prayers and gestures that comprise the liturgy, as well as the numerous rites that characterize religious ceremonies.
Liturgical clothing should be beautiful, well-made, and noticeable. They were inspired by the clothing worn by Greek and Roman dignitaries, who belonged to the wealthiest classes and demonstrated it through their clothing. Although the excellency of the first Christian priests was entirely spiritual, their garments had to express this greatness in order to make their role more understandable and immediate to the faithful.
Outside of liturgical celebrations, some ecclesiastical garments are also worn. We're talking about the cassock and the skullcap, the ferraiolo, a light silk cloak worn by Vatican diplomats, and the saturno, a hat whose shape, in fact, resembles the planet Saturn.
In general, however, the function of liturgical clothes becomes fundamental precisely in the sphere of religious celebrations, in which they symbolize, on the one hand, detachment from everyday life, from the ordinary, and, on the other, the transcendence of the priest, who, by wearing those specific garments, ceases to be a common man and assumes, in a sense, the functions and identity of Christ. The shape of priestly garments, which are often broad and flowing, emphasizes their function of rendering the wearer formless and ethereal, depriving the body of substance and bringing it closer to the spirit.
The colors of liturgical garments
Gold is the most solemn of colors, and it is used all year, even as a substitute for other liturgical colors.
White: represents light and life, and is therefore worn on the occasions of baptism, Christmas, and Easter.
Black is most commonly associated with memorials and funerals.
Pink: This color is used on the fourth Sunday of Lent and the third Sunday of Advent.
The color red represents the blood of the Martyrs and the Holy Spirit. Used on Good Friday, Palm Sunday, Pentecost, and Holy Martyrs' festivals.
Green is the color of renewal and life, and it is worn every day.
Violet represents hope and expectation. During Advent, Lent, and the liturgy of the dead, it is used.
The prayers that go with clothing
When a priest wears his priest robe, he is engaging in a ritual that contributes to the process of 'de-personalisation,' transforming the celebrant as a common man into something other than himself for the duration of the liturgy, a sort of emanation of Christ.
The texts of these prayers are frequently found in the sacristy, despite the fact that most of them are no longer required.
The dressing ceremony always begins with washing the hands, which signifies a separation from the mundane and profane in order to approach a more spiritual and sacred dimension. The prayer that goes with hand ablution is as follows:
Da, Domine, virtutem manibus meis ad abstergendam omnem maculam omnem maculam; ut sine pollutione mentis et corporis valeam tibi servire. (Give to my hands, Oh Lord, the virtue that will remove all stains, so that I may serve you without a stain on my soul and body.)
As previously stated in relation to the list of liturgical garments, dressing proceeds gradually, with the various vestments being overlaid according to rules codified over the centuries.
First, they put on the amice, a white linen cloth that covers the priest's neck if the gown does not. It is a symbolic helmet that serves as 'protection' from evil and temptation. Impone, Domine, capiti meo galeam salutis, ad expugnandos diabolicos incursus, is the prayer provided for putting on the amice (Impose, Lord, on my head, the helmet of salvation, to defeat attacks by the Devil).
Following that, the priest dons the camice or alba, a symbol of purity and sanctity that is required for ascension to divine grace. When the priest puts on the camice, he must say: Dealba me, Domine, et munda cor meum; ut, in sanguine Agni dealbatus, gaudiis perfruar sempiternis (Purify me, Lord, and cleanse my heart, because purified in the Blood of the Lamb, I enjoy the eternal joy).
The waist girdle, which can be of different colors depending on the liturgical time, tightens the gown. Praecinge me, Domine, cingulo puritatis, et exstingue in lumbis meis humorem libidinis; ut maneat in me virtus continentiae et castitatis (Believe me, Lord, with the girdle of purity; drain from my body the sap of debauchery, so that the virtue of continence and chastity remain with me.).
More than any other liturgical vestment or priest robes, the sacerdotal stole distinguishes the celebrant. The priest recites: Redde mihi, Domine, stolam immortalitatis, quim perdidi in praevaricatione primi parentis; et, quimvis indignus, ad tuum sacrum mysterium, merear tamen gaudium sempiternum. (Return to me, Oh Lord, the stole of immortality that I lost because of the first father's sins; and because I see my unworthiness of your sacred mystery, may I also achieve joy without end).
Finally, the priest preparing to celebrate Holy Mass dons the chasuble or pianeta. The prayer is based on Jesus' words: Domine, qui dit: Iugum meum suave est, et onus meum leve: fac, ut istud portare sic valeam, quod consequar tuam gratiam. Amen. (O Lord, you said, "My game is sweet, and my burden is light; grant that I may wear this garment to obtain your grace, Amen.")